The farmers used the backyard, scavenging system of management. This study was designed to test the impact of two new ALV-E isolates, recently derived from commercial broiler breeder flocks, in combination with the nonpathogenic SB-1 on LL-like lymphomas incidences in both an experimental egg layer line of chickens and a commercial broiler breeder line of chickens under a controlled condition. The significantly longer (p<0.05) bodies of the Fulani suggests a departure in function between the genotypes. Performance of broiler fed with different commercial compound feeds of Bangladesh, Feed and strain effects on the use of outdoor areas by broilers, Poultry genetics: New criteria and new methods. These tools allow for rapid and accurate identification and selection at the gene level of those individuals with better performance traits. The body weight gain was highest in T 2 dietary group (P<0.01) which was statistically similar with T 1 group. All the forms of feed were of identical (pellet feed) as, 1. Their potential for developing a more adapted commercial stock and genetic improvement of the chickens for the region andother implications of type on function are discussed. Adaptation of Nigerian indigenous chickens (NIC), FUNAAB‐α (F‐α) and Transylvanian naked neck chickens (TNN) raised during hot‐dry season under humid tropical environment was compared during a 4‐week period. Hens from the southwestern part (named Yoruba, Y) were also used in the experiment. There were significant (p<0.05) differences among body weights of the studied chicken strains with Noiler strain observed to have the highest body weight range of 2242.71-2389.00g. A. Ibrahim Abstract : The study was carried out to assess the fertility, early and late embryonic mortalities as well as hatchability by strain, season and hen’s weight in Nigerian indigenous chickens reared on deep litter. The authors are aware of the limited range of the presented material but a serious drawback has been the lack of information available from Albania, Bulgaria, Byelarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova and former Yugoslavia. The present work suggest that the potential of thermoregulatory Naked-neck and frizzle genes to improve body weight and body size may not be realized in Nigerian local chickens because of their small body size which confers them with a general adaptation. They are found in large numbers distributed across different agro-ecological categories under a traditional family based scavenging management system (Sonaiya and Olori, 1990). chickens which have been reported to be heavier than the other Nigerian indigenous chickens (ATTEH, 1990; OLORI, 1992) and its dwarf cocks were used in this experiment. improvement of the Nigerian indigenous chicken by crossing with an exotic egg type strain Isa Brown. Overall, the number of households consuming eggs increased by 50% (54%-84%) while there was a 60% (47.7%-76.5%) increase in the number of households eating chicken meat. Coefficients of variation were very small signifying a monotypic condition and an almost equal opportunity of selection for type based on body parameters of the two ecotype chickens. Nigeria has many indigenous chicken breeds that together form a large proportion of the poultry consumption in the country, which are yet to be incorporated into breeding programmes as well as their genetic potentials exploited. The participants were students and staff from the University of Fort Hare. The Fulani ecotype was bigger than the Yoruba ecotype chicken. COMPARATIVE SURVIVABILITY AND FERTILITY POTENTIALS OF OVINE SPERMATOZOA STORED IN EGG YOLK CITRATE AND MIXED VEGETATIVE EXTENDERS AT ROOM TEMPERATURE, Production performance and survivability of six dual-purpose breeds of chicken under smallholder farmers' management practices in Nigeria, Comparative assessment of laying performance of indigenous and commercial chicken strains under intensive management system, CARCASS TRAITS VARIATION IN NIGERIAN LOCAL AND IMPROVED CHICKENS AS INFLUENCED BY BREED AND SEX, Effect of sex, polydactylism and rearing system on carcass parameters of Fulani- ecotype chickens in Southwestern Nigeria, Phenotypic Characterization of Indigenous Chicken of Belagaum Division of Karnataka State, India, Comparative study of adaptation in three chicken genotypes under humid tropical conditions of Nigeria, Impact assessment of improved chicken genetics on livelihoods and food security of smallholder poultry farmers in Nigeria, Local Chicken Breeds of Africa: Their Description, Uses and Conservation Methods, Indigenous village chicken production: a tool for poverty alleviation, the empowerment of women, and rural development, Frequency and influence of some major genes on body weight and body size parameters of Nigerian local chickens, Poultry genetic resources in the countries of Eastern Europe - History and current state, Molecular genetics in a modern poultry breeding organization, The effects of naked-neck (Na) and frizzle (F) genes on growth and meat yield of broilers, and their interactions with ambient temperatures and potential growth rate, Genetic evaluation of growth traits in crosses between two ecotypes of Nigerian local chicken, Village chicken production systems in Ethiopia: 1. 20 (2006) / Articles Genetic variation in growth performance of Giriraja, Indian white leghorn and improved indigenous chicken genotypes in South West Nigeria IVCs are mainly kept in the extensive production system with scarce production inputs. Indigenous/native breeds of chickens are playing an important role in rural economies in most of the developing and underdeveloped countries. This study investigated the relationship between serum protein levels and egg productivity in Taiwan red-feathered country chickens (TRFCC). 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 Chicken chicken 2468 12 16 20 24 32 2 chicken 4 chicken 8 chicken 16 chicken Chicken Chicken chicken chicken, chicken chicken (chicken chicken) In Tanzania, however, Sasso (178) and Kuroiler (122) performed higher than indigenous chicken when the 12 weeks of eggs production was extrapolated Feather pecking and cannibalism only occurred in LAB. Significantly higher WAT (p < .001) and WIN (p < .05) were recorded in cocks than in laying hens. Dina OA, Arowolo RO. Heritability estimates of daily gain were generally low in HE and RCX with a range of h2 = 0.04 ± 0.13 to 0.12 ± 0.14. feed conversion ratio had moderate h2 estimate in all the genetic groups. The present review work aims at determining the potential usefulness of indigenous naked neck (INN) chicken (D. Nana) for poultry production in a hot-humid climate. Data generated from the carcass parameters were subjected to least squares means using SAS 9.2 version 2008. Heritability estimates of body weight of 0.43 and 0.30 for heavy ecotype chicken at 8 and 20 weeks, respectively is an indication that the heavy chicken ecotype may possess dual potential to be selected as meat type or egg-type bird because 8 weeks and 20 weeks of age are broiler and layer ages, respectively. Indigenous hen eggs present some potentials for utilization in pastry production since they can be obtained readily. The chickens were obtained from pedigree mating of Normal feathered, Frizzle feathered and Naked Neck cocks to Normal feathered, Frizzle feathered and Naked Neck hens respectively to produce F1 offspring. Introduction Indigenous chickens play important roles in the supply of animal protein and income to the rural populace [1]. diallel crossing experiment was conducted using genotypes threeof Nigerian indigenous chicken : normals (N), frizzle (F) and naked-neck (Na). Adetayo and Babafunso (2001) reported that the Nigerian indigenous chickens kept in cages and fed commercial feed produced 80 to 90 eggs per hen in a period of 280 days with a mean egg weight of 36.8 g. In Ethiopia these chickens produced between 40 and 99 eggs under extensive conditions per year. Polydactyl birds were significantly (P<0.05) superior in body girth and shank length compared with ptylopod and normal birds. Clade IV had 16 haplotypes, while clade IIIc had one haplotype. Baseline survey was conducted to provide a benchmark for both the on-farm test and post-on farm survey. Heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), rectal temperature (RT) and skin temperature on comb (COM), wattle (WAT), breast (BRE) and under wings (WIN) were monitored between 13.00 and 14.00h twice a week for four weeks. Production variables were measured, and gait, feather condition, litter quality, and dermal lesions on foot-pads and hocks were scored together with objective meat quality measures. Keywords: growth parameters, inbreeding, Nigerian indigenous chicken, purebreeding, sire effect. Data on bodyweight and 11 body measurements were taken on 51 Fulani and 101 Yoruba ecotype chicken from two central poultry markets: Ilorin in the middle belt and Ibadan in the southwest region of Nigeria, respectively. Genetic selection can be done before traits are expressed, molecular genetics testing can be applied to males for female limited traits, and it can be done on chicks shortly after hatch. It can produce double the standard number of eggs under improved nutrition and management conditions. Levels of apolipoprotein A-I and an IGF-1-related marker (termed X protein) in serum at 35 weeks old were correlated with total egg number (p<0.01). Indigenous chicken are the most abundant livestock in many rural and peri-urban households in Kenya. Most advanced in the programme of preservation of the native breeds of chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese and other domestic and game birds are: the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia & Ukraine. Most of the researches on the Nigerian indigenous chicken have been carried out on collections from the Rain Forest zone. The sustainable management, utilization and conservation of a particular population of domestic animals require its characterization. MATERIALS AND METHODS The experiment was carried out at the Teaching and Research Farm, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt (5.14’N and 6.44’E). The feather distribution gene, naked gene (Na) and the feather structure gene, frizzle (F) are among these major genes. Broilers selected for higher growth rate eat more and generate more heat per unit of time; hence, they may become more sensitive to high AT. Unfortunately the enterprise is not given priority for intervention towards improving farmer’s income in this area. Mean chick weight increased by more than eleven times within the first eight weeks of life. Asian Journal of Poultry Science 4: 164–172. Artificial inseminations, using semen extended with the better of the two test diluents (P1 C9 ) and egg-yolk citrate (EYC) at 6 hours post extension were carried out. The Nigerian indigenous chicken populations still provide the basis for the poultry sector (Yakubu et al., 2009; Yakubu, 2010). The feather structure and feather distribution genes are well adaptive to the harsh tropical environment; survive on low energy feed, highly resistant to diseases and superior to their exotic counterparts. well as same management and environment were provided for all the treatments. Wattle temperature (p = .017) and BRE (p = .000) differ significantly among the genotypes. This makes the reproduction for replacement as the main focuses of chicken keepers. Several local chickens have been classified into breeds or ecotypes, but many remain unidentified and are facing extinction. The aim of this study was to evaluate chickens from three different agro-ecological zones for their reproductive and growth performance. Materials and methods. The number of chickens standing and lying, respectively, in each of 5 zones in the outdoor area were recorded at intervals throughout the outdoor growth period until slaughter at 84 d of age. This study aimed at assessing the impact of the African Chicken Genetic Gains project on the livelihoods, and food security of smallholder poultry farmers in Nigeria. mance of Nigerian local chicken which consist of normal feathers,frizzle,andNakedneck.Sola-OjoandAyorinde[ ] documented the Fulani ecotype of Nigeria. The present survey has allowed us to summarize information on 56 indigenous breeds, varieties and strains of chickens, 13 of turkeys, four of Japanese quail, three of guinea fowl, nine of ducks and 36 of geese preserved in East-European countries as poultry genetic resources. The panellists were of different gender, ages, and tribes. Association Of Mx Gene With Newcastle Disease And The Genetic Diversity In Nigerian Indigenous Chickens And Their Crosses With Naprix quantity. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Average household size was 7. Ajayi F. O. In Africa, village poultry contributes over 70% of … Cameroon & Dodd (1970). Two broiler stocks were studied; each was segregated for four genotypes with regard to the genes for naked neck (Na) and frizzled feathers (F): heterozygous naked neck (Na/na f/f), heterozygous frizzle (na/na F/f), double heterozygous (Na/na F/f), and normally feathered (na/na f/f). Cocks lose body heat predominantly via non‐evaporative means while hens employ evaporative heat loss mechanism. Thecomb of males was more prominent than those of the females. protein chip technology and with an insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) immunoassay. It is believed that the successful testing, adaptation, multiplication, and adoption of high producing chicken genotypes is critical for accelerating realized productivity growth in sub-Saharan Africa. This is attributable to their better adaptation to the prevailing stressful environmental conditions. declared certain lands in northern Nigeria as "native lands" and vested the management and control of these lands in the Minister (later Commissioner) for Lands and Survey to administer such lands for the use and common benefit of the natives.12 Section 6 of the 1962 law empowered the minister to grant rights of occupancy to natives. Collection, evaluation and extension using the three genotypes IVCs ) greatly contribute to Food security and rural development their... Wider internet faster and more rapid and accurate identification and selection at the Gene level of those with... And hatchability traits nigerian indigenous chicken pdf being taken to protect against extinction of all treatments was not significantly! Hatchability do not only depend on weight, but also on egg and... 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